induction, inductive
The inverse of deduction . Induction begins from particular observations from which empirical generalizations are made. These generalizations then form the basis for theory -building. So-called analytic induction is common in qualitative studies within sociology. This method requires that every case examined in a piece of research substantiates a hypothesis . The researcher formulates a general hypothesis from observation of initial cases; investigates subsequent cases in the search for a negative instance; and reformulates the hypothesis to cope with those confounding cases that are encountered. The process is deemed to be exhausted when no new discrepant cases can be found-a necessarily rather subjective judgement-and the (now revised) generalization is allowed to stand. See also cause.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Inductive — In*duct ive, a. [LL. inductivus: cf. F. inductif. See {Induce}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Leading or drawing; persuasive; tempting; usually followed by to. [1913 Webster] A brutish vice, Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • inductive — [in duk′tiv] adj. [LL inductivus] 1. Rare inducing; leading on 2. of, or proceeding by methods of, logical induction [inductive reasoning] 3. produced by induction 4. of inductance or electrical or magnetic induction 5. Rare introductory …   English World dictionary

  • inductive — index causative, discursive (analytical), logical, persuasive Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • inductive — (adj.) early 15c., from O.Fr. inductif or directly from L.L. inductivus, from induct , pp. stem of inducere (see INDUCE (Cf. induce)). As a term in logic, from 1764 …   Etymology dictionary

  • inductive — deductive (see under DEDUCTION) Analogous words: ratiocinative, inferential (see under INFERENCE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • inductive — ► ADJECTIVE 1) Logic characterized by the inference of general laws from particular instances. 2) relating to electric or magnetic induction. 3) Physics possessing inductance. DERIVATIVES inductively adverb inductiveness noun inductivism noun… …   English terms dictionary

  • inductive — ● inductif, inductive adjectif (latin inductivus, de inducere, induire) Qui procède par induction. Se dit d un circuit électrique dont la grandeur essentielle est l inductance. ● inductif, inductive (expressions) adjectif (latin inductivus, de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • inductive — inductively, adv. inductiveness, n. /in duk tiv/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or involving electrical or magnetic induction. 2. operating by induction: an inductive machine. 3. of, pertaining to, or employing logical induction: inductive reasoning …   Universalium

  • inductive — in·duc·tive in dək tiv adj 1) of or relating to inductance or electrical induction 2) involving the action of an embryological inductor: tending to produce induction <the inductive effect of chordamesoderm> <inductive reactions in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • inductive — /ɪnˈdʌktɪv/ (say in duktiv) adjective 1. relating to or involving electrical or magnetic induction. 2. operating by induction: an inductive machine. 3. relating to or employing logical induction. 4. Physiology eliciting some reaction within an… …  

  • inductive — adjective Date: 15th century 1. leading on ; inducing 2. of, relating to, or employing mathematical or logical induction < inductive reasoning > 3. of or relating to inductance or electrical induction 4. introductory 5. involving the action of an …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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